What are Quantitative Adjectives?
Quantitative Adjectives are used to describe Noun and Pronoun with quantity (ie, numbers). It is one of the types of Adjectives in English Grammar. It can be either in cardinal or ordinal numbers.
Cardinal number is used to denote numbers in quantity such as one, two, three, etc. Whereas, Ordinal number is used to indicate the number with positions such as first, second, third, etc.
Quantitative Adjective is also used for conveying the details and information about the object of a sentence in various categories.
Few examples of Quantitative Adjectives are more, much, first, one, small, few, some, any, whole, little, all, several, two, ten, twenty, seventh, etc.
Quantitative Adjective Examples
Here are some Quantitative Adjective examples with explanations.
Note: Blue coloured words are Quantitative Adjectives in the sentence and S = Subject, V = Verb, QA = Quantitative Adjective and O = Object.
- Micheal is having two sports cars.
Sentence Structure: Micheal (S) + is having (V) + two (QA) + sports cars (O).
In the above sentence, the word “two” describes the number of cars Micheal has. So, the number describes the quantities of the cars he is having. Here, the words “sports cars” is the noun which is being described.
- Raju invested some money this month.
Sentence Structure: Raju (S) + invested (V) + some (QA) + money this month (O).
In the above sentence, the word “some” describes the amount of money saved for his investment. Here, “money” is the noun which is being described.
- John failed first time in Mathematics.
Sentence Structure: John (S) + failed (V) + first (QA) + time in Mathematics (O).
In the above sentence, the word “first” describes the event that happened for the first time. Here, “time” is the noun which is being described.
- Tina couldn’t earn enough money from her job.
Sentence Structure: Tina (S) + couldn’t earn (V) + enough (QA) + money from her job (O).
In the above sentence, the word “enough” describes the amount of money. Here, “money” is the noun which is being described.
- Can you buy me some cookies?
Sentence Structure: Can you (S) + buy (V) + me + some (QA) + cookies? (O)
In the above sentence, the word “some” describes the amount (quantity) of cookies. Here, the word “cookies” is the noun which is being described.
How to find Quantitative Adjective in the sentence?
Previously, we have learned that this type of Adjective is used to describe the quantity. So, it is very easy to find out. Now let us consider the below example sentence.
- Mary had two slices of bread this morning.
Step 1: First, identify the sentence structure such as Subject, Verb and Object.
Sentence Structure: Mary (S) + had (V) + two slices of bread this morning (O).
Step 2: Then, consider the object part of the sentence and ask “how much?” or more appropriately , “how many?”, etc in reference to a noun or pronoun.
Here is the question, “how many slices of bread?” – two is the Quantitative Adjective.
Different types of Quantitative Adjective
Quantitative Adjectives are classifies into 3 different types. Those are,
- Definite Numerical Adjectives
- Indefinite Numerical Adjectives
- Distributive Numerical Adjectives
Definite Numerical Adjectives
These adjectives are used to describe the quantities in exact numbers. Here, two different type of numbers such as cardinal or ordinal numbers are used.
|Cardinal number||Ordinal Numbers|
|One (1)||First (1st)|
|Two (2)||Second (2nd)|
|Three (3)||Third (3rd)|
|Four (4)||Fourth (4th)|
|Five (5)||Fifth (5th)|
So, from the above table, it is clear that we can use it to describe quantities in both types of numbers.
- Shyam has lifted 50 kgs of rice bag with ease.
- She has been standing here for two hours.
- Raju is having three online classes per day.
- The athelete has won five gold medals in his entire life.
- I am having 15 years experience of driving a car.
Indefinite Numerical Adjectives
These adjectives doesn’t denote the exact numbers but shows approximate assumptions. It is quite opposite to Definite Numerical Adjectives.
- You need to read several books to crack the exam.
- The team needs more practise to win the upcoming match.
- Ram spent his whole salary to buy a new laptop.
- Most of the people don’t have proper financial education.
- She likes to visit her grandma’s house most of the time.
Distributive Numerical Adjectives
Distributive Numerical Adjectives includes each, either, every, neither.
- The teacher told every student to submit their assignments by today.
- Either you study this or I will teach you.
- Each of them shared their own experiences about their past life.
- Neither of the two dresses fits me.
Summary: (Quantitative Adjectives)
- Quantitative Adjectives are one of the type of Ajectives and it is used to describe the quantities of the things, events, etc. It is used to describe with numericals or with assumptions.
- Some of the examples of Quantitative Adjectives are either, neither, some, few, whole, many, more, etc.
- There are three types of Quantitative Adjectives. Those are Definite, Indefinite and Distributive Numerical Adjectives.
- Definite shows the exact numbers for describing the quantities. Whereas, Indefinite doesn’t show exact but describes the approximate quantities.
- Distributive is used for the different cases in which numericals are not used for indicating the quantities.
If you are interested to learn more, then you can refer to Wikipedia here.
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